The main thing about school education in Sweden is to identify and develop each child’s talents and abilities, and to teach students how to set and achieve goals. While working with children, the teacher takes on the role of an assistant rather than a strict teacher with a pointer. Essay writing service EssayShark conducted a study on the advantages of the Swedish education system. Find out more about the 6 reasons why Swedish school education is better.
Personalized Approach and Respect from the Cradle
Formally, the educational process starts literally at the nursery: the vast majority of Swedish children start kindergarten already at the age of 1.5-2 years. Pre-school education is an essential part of the Swedish educational system and is available to all, regardless of the income level. Swedish pre-school education emphasizes the importance of the game in a child’s development. Gender-based education is becoming increasingly popular, with the primary goal of giving children equal opportunities in life, regardless of gender. Every child at the age of 6 is guaranteed a place in the preparatory class, where children are introduced to the first steps of general education.
A child’s personality and dignity are untouchable, and children in Sweden have the same right to be respected and treated equally as adults.
Therefore, despite the fact that most classes at school are in group form, the teacher will never praise some and scold others in public. Everything about a child’s performance or behavior at school is discussed individually with the child and his/her parents. All teachers working in schools, both subject teachers and those working outside the classroom with children, have specialized pedagogical training and are required to be certified.
No Marks Until the Sixth Grade
Until the sixth grade, students in Swedish schools are not given any marks at all, so as not to interfere with individual development and not to cause a sense of competition and stress. Over the last hundred years, Sweden has tried out many knowledge assessment systems. In 2011, Swedish schools moved from a three-point scale to a six-point scale. Pupils can be given the following grades: A (Exemplary), B (Excellent), C (Good), D (Adequate), E (Acceptable), and F (Fail, not passed).
The student assessment and evaluation system is an eternal subject of heated debate among both politicians and school staff. The Swedes believe that any scoring system is always imperfect and unfair. Therefore, new approaches to the assessment of pupils are regularly discussed in the Riksdag and municipal authorities.
Education as a Game
From first grade to third, the school curriculum is based on mathematics, Swedish, housekeeping, social studies, and natural sciences. Lessons are mostly in the form of a game. Already at the age of 7-10, children are actively involved in social science lessons to discuss what is happening in the world, for example, after watching the children’s news program together. This show is called Lilla Aktuellt and is broadcast daily on Swedish television. It introduces the youngest viewers to the main events of Sweden and the world simply and clearly.
From the third grade, students start learning English. They are not yet bothered with grammar and cramming. They learn simple songs, how to count, and are introduced to some words and expressions in a game form. Physical education is also present in the schedule, but more in the form of mobile games and trips to nature if the weather allows. Housekeeping classes are one of the most favorite. Boys and girls together learn to sew and knit, make toys and uncomplicated household appliances with their own hands, as well as cook and bake with simple recipes.
From secondary school onwards, the workload and the knowledge and skills requirements of schoolchildren are increasing considerably. There are more homework and opportunities for independent choice of subjects. For example, from sixth grade, you can choose a second language besides English. The most popular languages are German, French, and Spanish.
Psychological Comfort is a Priority
The psychological well-being of children is a priority for Swedish schools. Each school has a supervisor whom children can approach to talk about, for example, their academic performance problems, difficulties with their family or their peers. In addition, teachers regularly have individual conversations with each child, during which they try to find out how comfortable the child feels in class, among classmates, whether he or she has time to learn the material, whether the school or parents need additional help.
At the beginning and the end of each school year, pupils are assessed. It takes place individually, in the form of a conversation with the child and his parents. The aim is to help the child to identify problem areas in his or her studies and to understand what needs to be worked on in the future. The teacher acts only as a moderator, asks leading questions, helps the child to formulate a thought, but does not impose his opinion.
Prove The Answer If You Know It
When solving problems, for example, in Mathematics, Physics, or Chemistry, the Swedish school pays special attention to how the student thinks and analyzes the problem. In other words, it is essential not only to give the right answer but also to show how you come to a solution.
Education for Everyone
Pupils who find it difficult to read and/or write are entitled to additional individual assistance from teachers. For some children, it can be challenging to focus on what the teacher says. Statistically, almost every class has a child diagnosed with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). These children need special support to learn to concentrate and not be distracted. An individual learning plan is developed for them so that they can catch up with their peers and open up to the full.
6 Reasons Why Swedish School Education is Better is written for Daily Scandinavian by the EssayShark team.