Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel

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As part of the 2019 Oslo European Green Capital celebrations, the Nobel Peace Centre puts on an exhibition about climate and environment in the spirit of Alfred Nobel. The aim is to create empathy with a rapidly changing planet through involvement, discussions and action.

This year the Nobel Peace Prize will be awarded for the 100th time since 1901. So far, the prize has been awarded 99 times to 133 Nobel Laureates between 1901 and 2018, 106 individuals and 27 organizations. Since the International Committee of the Red Cross has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize three times (in 1917, 1944 and 1963), and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize two times (in 1954 and 1981), there are 24 individual organizations which have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
The Nobel Peace Center in Oslo

Criteria for being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
Alfred Nobel mentions three criteria before awarding the prize: “for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”

Among those who have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize since 1901, are some of the most significant figures in our recent history. True to their ideals, but at the same time focused on dialogue and collaboration, and of doing mankind good. Laureates like Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King, Jr., Dalai Lama, Mother Teresa, Fridtjof Nansen, The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Albert Schweitzer and Alva Myrdal all contribute to making the Nobel Peace Prize the world’s most prestigious prize.

Related: Controversial Nobel Peace Prize Winners

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
In 2001 the Norwegian publisher J. W. Cappelens Forlag AS published the book The Nobel Peace Prize 1901- 2000

Nobel Peace Prize 100 years
In 2001 the Norwegian publisher J. W. Cappelens Forlag AS published the book The Nobel Peace Prize 1901- 2000. Hundred years for peace is published by in connection with the Nobel Peace Prize centenary. The book is written by Ivar Libæk , Øivind Stenersen og Asle Sveen.

After an opening article about Alfred Nobel, the history of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, The Norwegian Nobel Institute and the development of the Peace Prize, a chronological presentation of the Peace Prize Laureates from 1901-2000 follows.

Related: Danish Nobel Winner Foiled the Führer

Each Prize Laureate is presented through a short biography, the reasons for the Nobel Committee’s choice, international reactions to the choice of winner and reflections on the impact of the year’s award. Excerpts from the Laureate’s speech or Nobel lecture are given.

The presentation is divided into seven main parts each of which opens with an historical survey of the world’s situation, the economical or political aspects dominating society, or special events characterizing the period. The articles set the Peace Prizes in a broader context.

The book ends with an essay on the laureates’ ideas of peacemaking: Roads to peace.

Related: Bastions of Hospitality for Nobel Winners

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel Peace Prize medal

All the Nobel Peace Prize winners
It has been the Norwegian Nobel Committee’s responsibility for more than hundred years to interpret Alfred Nobel’s will and decide who is deserving of the Nobel Peace Prize. Here are all the Nobel Peace Prize Award Winners from 1901 – 2018:

The Nobel Peace Prize 2018

Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad “for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2017

International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) “for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2016

Juan Manuel Santos “for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2015

National Dialogue Quartet “for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014

Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2013

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) “for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2012

European Union (EU) “for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2011

Ellen Johnson SirleafLeymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman “for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2010

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Liu Xiabo

Liu Xiaobo “for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2009

Barack H. Obama “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2008

Martti Ahtisaari “for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2007

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. “for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2006

Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank “for their efforts to create economic and social development from below”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2005

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElBaradei “for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2004

Wangari Muta Maathai “for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2003

Shirin Ebadi “for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2002

Jimmy Carter “for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2001

United Nations (U.N.) and Kofi Annan “for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2000

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Kim Dae Jung

Kim Dae-jung “for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1999

Médecins Sans Frontières “in recognition of the organization’s pioneering humanitarian work on several continents”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1998

John Hume and David Trimble “for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1997

International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Williams “for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1996

Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta “for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1995

Joseph Rotblat and Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs “for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1994

Yasser ArafatShimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin “for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1993

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk “for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1992

Rigoberta Menchú Tum “in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1991

Aung San Suu Kyi “for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1990

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev “for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1989

The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1988

United Nations Peacekeeping Forces

The Nobel Peace Prize 1987

Oscar Arias Sánchez “for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1986

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Elie Wiesel

Elie Wiesel

The Nobel Peace Prize 1985

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

The Nobel Peace Prize 1984

Desmond Mpilo Tutu

The Nobel Peace Prize 1983

Lech Walesa

The Nobel Peace Prize 1982

Alva Myrdal and Alfonso García Robles

The Nobel Peace Prize 1981

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1980

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

The Nobel Peace Prize 1979

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa

The Nobel Peace Prize 1978

Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin

The Nobel Peace Prize 1977

Amnesty International

The Nobel Peace Prize 1976

Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan

The Nobel Peace Prize 1975

Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov

The Nobel Peace Prize 1974

Seán MacBride and Eisaku Sato

The Nobel Peace Prize 1973

Henry A. Kissinger and Le Duc Tho

The Nobel Peace Prize 1972

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money for 1972 was allocated to the Main Fund.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1971

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Willy Brandt

Willy Brandt

The Nobel Peace Prize 1970

Norman E. Borlaug

The Nobel Peace Prize 1969

International Labour Organization (I.L.O.)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1968

René Cassin

The Nobel Peace Prize 1967

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1966

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1965

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1964

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. . (Photo by Stephen F. Somerstein/Getty Images)

Martin Luther King Jr.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1963

Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) and Ligue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge (League of Red Cross Societies)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1962

Linus Carl Pauling

The Nobel Peace Prize 1961

Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld

The Nobel Peace Prize 1960

Albert John Lutuli

The Nobel Peace Prize 1959

Philip J. Noel-Baker

The Nobel Peace Prize 1958

Georges Pire

The Nobel Peace Prize 1957

Lester Bowles Pearson

The Nobel Peace Prize 1956

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1955

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1954

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1953

George Catlett Marshall

The Nobel Peace Prize 1952

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Albert Schweitzer

Albert Schweitzer

The Nobel Peace Prize 1951

Léon Jouhaux

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Ralph Bunch

The Nobel Peace Prize 1950

Ralph Bunche

The Nobel Peace Prize 1949

Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin

The Nobel Peace Prize 1948

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1947

Friends Service Council (The Quakers) and American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1946

Emily Greene Balch and John Raleigh Mott

The Nobel Peace Prize 1945

Cordell Hull

The Nobel Peace Prize 1944

Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1943

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1942

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1941

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1940

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1939

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1938

Office international Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Nansen International Office for Refugees)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1937

Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1936

Carlos Saavedra Lamas

The Nobel Peace Prize 1935

Carl von Ossietzky

The Nobel Peace Prize 1934

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Arthur Henderson

Arthur Henderson

The Nobel Peace Prize 1933

Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1932

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1931

Jane Addams and Nicholas Murray Butler

The Nobel Peace Prize 1930

Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom

The Nobel Peace Prize 1929

Frank Billings Kellogg

The Nobel Peace Prize 1928

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1927

Ferdinand Buisson and Ludwig Quidde

The Nobel Peace Prize 1926

Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann

The Nobel Peace Prize 1925

Sir Austen Chamberlain and Charles Gates Dawes

The Nobel Peace Prize 1924

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1923

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1922

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Fridtjof Nansen

Fridtjof Nansen

The Nobel Peace Prize 1921

Karl Hjalmar Branting and Christian Lous Lange

The Nobel Peace Prize 1920

Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois

The Nobel Peace Prize 1919

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th U.S. President, (AP Photo)

Thomas Woodrow Wilson

The Nobel Peace Prize 1918

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1917

Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1916

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1915

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1914

No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1913

Henri La Fontaine

The Nobel Peace Prize 1912

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Elihu Root

Elihu Root

The Nobel Peace Prize 1911

Tobias Michael Carel Asser and Alfred Hermann Fried

The Nobel Peace Prize 1910

Bureau international permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1909

Auguste Marie François Beernaert and Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d’Estournelles de Constant, Baron de Constant de Rebecque

The Nobel Peace Prize 1908

Klas Pontus Arnoldson and Fredrik Bajer

The Nobel Peace Prize 1907

Ernesto Teodoro Moneta and Louis Renault

The Nobel Peace Prize 1906

Theodore Roosevelt

The Nobel Peace Prize 1905

Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau

The Nobel Peace Prize 1904

Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law)

The Nobel Peace Prize 1903

William Randal Cremer

The Nobel Peace Prize 1902

Élie Ducommun and Charles Albert Gobat

The Nobel Peace Prize 1901

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel
Portrait of Jean-Henri Dunant (1828-1910), founder of the International Red Cross and winner of the first Nobel Peace Prize, along with Frederic Passy. (Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)

Jean Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy

Climate Exhibition in Oslo in the spirit of Alfred Nobel, compiled by Tor Kjolberg

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