Scandinavia’s Oldest Identified Ship Burial


A 1,300-year-old ship burial has been unearthed in Leka, a municipality in Norway’s Trøndelag county. According to a  statement  from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, it is Scandinavia’s oldest identified ship burial.

Last summer, archeologists with a metal detectorist conducted a small survey of Herlaugshaugen to date a burial mound and find out if it contained a ship. Given the size of the large, grassy hill, researchers have long suspected it contained a ship – and it was indeed a ship burial. The ship they unearthed measures 23 feet tall and 197 feet in diameter.

Related: Viking Burial Treasure discovered in the Middle of the Capital of Norway

Scandinavia’s Oldest Identified Ship Burial
Viking king Herlaug

Excavated before

In the late 1700s, Herlaugshaugen was excavated three times. According to reports, findings included a type of wall, iron nails, a bronze kettle, animal bones, and a seated skeleton with a sword.

“Unfortunately, these findings disappeared already in the early 1920s. The skeleton was once displayed at Trondheim Cathedral School as King Herlaug, but no one knows where it ended up,” explains Geir Grønnesby, project leader from NTNU Science Museum.

According to Grønnesby, the discovery reveals the region’s advanced maritime capabilities much earlier than previously thought.

Skilled seafarers

“The mound was constructed in approximately 700 CE. This is called the Merovingian period and precedes the Viking Age. This dating is really exciting because it pushes the whole tradition of ship burials quite far back in time,” he says.

“The find suggests that people who lived in the region at that time were “skilled seafarers” who could build big ships “much earlier than we previously thought,” Grønnesby adds.

Scandinavia’s Oldest Identified Ship Burial
Geir Grønnesby, project leader from NTNU Science Museum. Photo: Nancy Bazilchuk/NTNU

Related: Historic Viking Longship Discovered in Norway

Is there a relationship between the ship burial traditions in Scandinavia and England?

The mound also helps fill in the gaps between early Scandinavian ship burials, which date to the end of the eighth century, and the well-known Sutton Hoo ship burial in England, which dates to the early seventh century.

Grønneby is supported by archaeologist Lars Forseth from Trøndelag County Authority who also participated in the surveys.

“I think that the location along the shipping route plays a key role in understanding why Herlaugshaugen burial mound is located at Leka. We know that whetstones have been traded from Trøndelag to the continent from the mid-700s onwards, and goods transport along the route is key to understanding the Viking Age and developments in ship design before the Viking Age,” he says.

Scandinavia’s Oldest Identified Ship Burial
Herlaugshaugen. Photo: Visit Namdalen

But is there a relationship between the ship burial traditions in Scandinavia and England? That remains an open question—one that researchers might be able to answer by studying other large unexplored burial mounds in Norway.

Ship burials were once a traditional custom that involved interring a deceased person inside their vessel and covering the ship with a dirt mound. The practice was “believed to make the person’s transition to the afterlife a safe one,” writes Artnet’s Verity Babbs.

Furthermore, the Herlaugshaugen mound, one of Norway’s largest burial mounds, is regarded as a symbol of power and wealth, indicating that the region’s prosperity was likely derived from trade and maritime activities rather than agriculture alone.

Scandinavia’s Oldest Identified Ship Burial, written by Tor Kjolberg

Feature image (on top):  Field leader Hanne Bryn with ship’s nail © Geir Grønneby/ NTNU/Viyenskapsmuseet

Scandinavian Rowanberry

Currant-sized, tart and dry rowanberries are very popular with birds. They are inedible, and slightly toxic when raw, but no one in their right mind would eat them raw. Learn more about Scandinavian rowanberry.

The taste of rowanberry is pleasingly bitter, and extremely aromatic when cooked. The rowan, or mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia), is a small deciduous tree that bears the vividly orange berries in August. A fast-growing pioneer species that invades disturbed ground, the rowan will grow almost anywhere. The berries from other Sorbus species are also edible.

Scandinavian Rowanberry
The taste of rowanberry is pleasingly bitter, and extremely aromatic when cooked. Photo: Det matematisk-naturfaglige fakultet.

Related: Scandinavians and Strawberries

Culinary uses

The tannic, bitter taste of the berries can be extracted into cordials, and a delicious jelly. The berries are rich in pectin, so the jelly naturally sets well. It is beautiful with game and roast beef, with apples or simply on toast.

Scandinavian Rowanberry
The tannic, bitter taste of the berries can be extracted into cordials, and a delicious jelly.

The berries are an important ingredient in the famous digestif Gammel Dansk, which owes much of its taste and bitterness to rowanberries. The berries are a much-used ingredient in flavored schnapps.

Scandinavian Rowanberry
The berries are an important ingredient in the famous digestif Gammel Dansk

The berry itself is not used as a fruit, because the dryness and seeds are not too interesting, though some species were formerly dried and used as we use raisins.

Jelly is made in the same way as the crab apple jelly.

Scandinavian Rowanberry, written by Tor Kjolberg

Feature image on top: Photo – Wikipedia.

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals

Discover the deep roots and cultural importance of the Finnish sauna, from ancient traditions to modern practices. Explore the rich history and logic behind sauna rituals.

Ever wrapped yourself in a blanket of steam, letting the heat whisper secrets to your skin? an ancient Finnish tradition that has outlasted empires and withstood the test of time. Why do you think these rituals have survived for thousands of years?

We’re talking about saunas, friends—not just rooms but vessels carrying centuries-old wisdom on wellness sails. They’ve criss-crossed oceans, docking at various cultural harbors, yet their essence remains unchanged.

Imagine stepping into a Finnish smoke sauna; feel the embrace of löyly as it intertwines with history right before your eyes. Or maybe you’ll discover how Estonian traditions bring modern flair without losing their soulful touch.

You might even be curious about infrared’s high-tech glow against the rustic backdrop of traditional stones… Be prepared for further exploration; this is only the beginning.

Related: All You Need to Know About the Scandinavian Sauna Culture

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals
Centuries ago, sauna culture took root in Finland and Estonia.

The Ancient Roots of Sauna Culture

A land cloaked in the deep green of ancient forests, where steam rises like whispers from wooden huts. This isn’t the setting for a fantasy novel—it’s Finland and Estonia centuries ago, where sauna culture took root. And let me tell you, it wasn’t just about getting clean; it was wellness before wellness had a hashtag.

The Birthplace of Sauna Traditions

In these Nordic lands, folks didn’t just stumble upon saunas as we might find an old coin on the sidewalk—they were integral to life itself. Think thousands of years ago, when iPhones were still rocks and tweets came from actual birds. Here’s where Finnish people forged their bond with heat that sweats out more than toxins—it sweats out stress and bad vibes too.

But why did they start? Imagine facing those bone-chilling winters without central heating or fluffy robes. They needed something fierce to fight off the cold, and so saunas became their fiery ally against frostbite’s icy grip. Komowa is one place where you can get traditional saunas.

Sauna Rituals Across Cultures

You’d think that tossing water on hot stones is straightforward enough not to get lost in translation—but nope. As sauna traditions traveled around the globe, they morphed into new shapes faster than doughnuts disappear at office meetings. Different cultures added their own spices to the mix—literally sometimes—with aromatic herbs enhancing relaxation across continents.

Each place made saunas its own—from Turkey’s hamams echoing with echoes (and soap suds) to Japan’s sento baths calming even the busiest minds after a Tokyo workday marathon.

Finnish Sauna Culture as a Way of Life

In Finland, though, “sauna” is practically synonymous with “home.” It goes beyond mere tradition—it’s stitched into society’s very fabric (kinda like denim in America). The Finns don’t sit silently alone; oh no. They chat about politics or share stories while soaking up löyly—the magical steam that dances through air thicker than grandma’s pea soup.

This bonding ritual spans generations—families gather here much like others would around Thanksgiving turkeys, minus any potential food fights.

The Quintessential Finnish Smoke Sauna Experience

This isn’t just a quirky habit; it’s steeped in tradition and believed to improve circulation and provide an exfoliating effect that leaves the skin tingling and refreshed. As you might imagine, this rustic form of rejuvenation has been passed down through generations—each gentle thwack of birch on skin is like a nod to Finnish ancestors who knew how to live well.

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals
Very old Finnish sauna.

Sauna Rituals Across Cultures

Imagine stepping into a world where the air hums with heat and steam dances around you like an old friend. This is the essence of sauna culture, a practice that’s made its way across borders and seas to become a global phenomenon. From the ancient smoke-filled rooms in Finland to modern infrared cabins dotting cities worldwide, saunas have evolved while holding onto their soul-soothing core.

Adapting Traditions for Global Wellness

The journey of sauna rituals from tucked-away Finnish lakesides to bustling urban wellness centers has been nothing short of remarkable. As they’ve spread globally, these practices have dressed themselves up in local garb—taking on new flavors but always staying true to their roots as places of rejuvenation and community.

In countries far from Finland’s forests, people now gather in communal sweat lodges or partake in spa experiences that pay homage to traditional Nordic customs. It’s clear: no matter where we come from or what language we speak, there’s something universally compelling about surrendering oneself to waves of warmth and emerging refreshed.

Around each corner of the globe, you’ll find saunas standing proud as testaments not just to relaxation but also innovation; cultures worldwide are weaving their own narratives into this age-old tradition. Whether it’s integrating meditation sessions within serene Japanese onsens or blending aromatherapy using local herbs within Turkish hammams, the universal language spoken here is one of well-being.

We’ve watched as simple wooden structures by quiet Scandinavian shores transformed into chic health-promoting havens at luxury hotels—and yet somehow retained that intimate connection between body and nature that first sparked our ancestors’ love for them so many years ago.

The Social Fabric of Finnish Saunas

But let’s step back for a moment—to Finland itself, where life without saunas would be akin to pizza minus cheese—a thought too tragic to even entertain. Here, these humble heated rooms aren’t mere amenities; they’re stitched deeply into society’s fabric—woven through generations who understand that sweating together strengthens more than muscles—it builds bonds stronger than any birch branch could whip up during löyly (the sacred steam).

Finnish families often share stories encircled by embers’ glow while communities rally around public saunas as if gathering points—as crucial today for socializing as ever before. Because when Finns talk about taking a sauna, it isn’t simply an act; it embodies unity—an enduring ritual shared with loved ones, symbolizing purity both physical and societal alike.

The allure of these simple yet intricate spaces is undeniable. It’s as if there’s a kind of magic in the air, with each hot stone meticulously placed atop another, contributing to an ever-growing structure that captivates and inspires. This architectural marvel doesn’t just stand tall; it tells a story of resilience and creativity—a testament to human ingenuity.

Related: A History of the Scandinavian Spa

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals
In every corner of Finland, from city apartments to lakeside cottages, you’ll find saunas woven into daily life.

Finnish Sauna Culture as a Way of Life

Imagine stepping into a warm embrace that melts away the stress of your day—that’s what sauna is to Finns, an essential thread in their social fabric. In Finland, saunas are more than just steam rooms; they’re sacred spaces where friends and families come together.

The Social Fabric of Finnish Saunas

In every corner of Finland, from city apartments to lakeside cottages, you’ll find saunas woven into daily life. With nearly one for every household in the country, it’s clear how these communal hotspots have become vital venues for unwinding and bonding. Whether celebrating new beginnings or simply enjoying a weekend ritual, Finns see the sauna not just as a source of relaxation but also as a key to maintaining relationships.

This tradition goes beyond leisure; it reflects deep cultural values around community health and well-being. It’s common for business deals to be discussed over the sizzle of löyly (steam), showing how integrated these practices are within various aspects of Finnish society.

Embracing Löyly in Finnish Rituals

The heart-pounding heat followed by the gasping shock of icy water—it’s all part of embracing löyly. But this isn’t merely about temperature contrasts; there’s something spiritual here too. The gentle hiss when water hits hot stones transcends mere physical relief: it becomes a shared moment among those gathered—a collective sigh underlined with birch-scented vapor.

To truly grasp this culture, one must understand its humble roots—the traditional smoke sauna. Unlike their modern counterparts, which use electric heaters or stoves with chimneys, smoke saunas lack chimneys altogether—filling up with soft woodsmoke before airing out completely prior to use gives them their distinct character—and often include vihtas (birch branches) that bring nature directly into this restorative process through gentle whisks on skin, believed by many locals to not only improve circulation but cleanse both body and spirit alike.

Sauna-going might seem like simple bathing at first glance, yet when looked closer, it reveals itself as a complex interplay between personal wellness rituals connected deeply across generations who share a commitment to fostering environments where people can thrive collectively, proving why, after thousands of years, it still remains an integral piece of lifestyle throughout Finland today, from quiet countryside villages to bustling urban centers alike.

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals
Estonian smoke sauna. Photo: Visit Estonia.

The Quintessential Finnish Smoke Sauna Experience

A serene lakeside cabin, the scent of burning wood filling the air, and an inviting warmth that seems to whisper ancient secrets. This is where we meet the heart of Finnish culture—the traditional smoke sauna. The magic here isn’t just in heating rocks; it’s about a legacy steeped in thousands of years.

Embracing Löyly in Finnish Rituals

In Finland, steam—known as löyly—isn’t merely water vapor rising off hot stones; it’s considered a living spirit warming body and soul alike. Entering the space, you become part of a timeless ritual intended to cleanse and invigorate both body and mind while fostering communal unity. In these dimly lit log structures with no chimney, smoke fills up before venting out, leaving behind a distinct aroma and soot-covered walls—a signature trait that has made them quite significant within Finnish sauna culture.

Loyalty to tradition shines through when Finns take birch branches called vihta or vasta into their hands during sauna sessions—an act meant to enhance circulation while releasing natural oils from the leaves that promote skin health. It’s akin to being gently whisked away by Mother Nature herself. With every gentle thwack against your skin, you can almost hear ancestors’ whispers echoing off the wooden beams.

To truly grasp what makes this experience quintessentially Finnish, one must recognize its communal aspect—it’s common for friends and families to gather together under one roof enveloped by löyly’s embrace, deepening connections amidst heatwaves. A testament to its importance lies not just in statistics showing how central saunas are but more vividly experienced firsthand within any given town across Finland,where they serve as hubs fostering well-being among people.

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals
Estonian floating sauna. Photo:

Estonian Sauna Traditions with a Modern Twist

When you think of Estonia, images of medieval castles and digital innovation might spring to mind. But there’s another piece of Estonian heritage that blends the old with the new: their sauna culture. In Estonia, saunas are an integral part of everyday life – not just a means to unwind.

The Historical Charm Meets Contemporary Comforts

In traditional Estonian saunas, it was all about wood-fired heat and whisking oneself with branches from local trees—quite an invigorating experience. These days, while many still cherish those rustic vibes, others are spicing up their sessions with modern amenities like sound systems and mood lighting. This mix gives you both worlds’ best – authentic tradition backed by today’s comforts.

But what makes these spaces so unique? It’s how they’ve taken age-old practices and fused them seamlessly with cutting-edge technology. You can find this harmonious blend across the country in private homes or public spa resorts where folks gather for a steamy chat as well as for health benefits.

Tech-Infused Steam Sessions

Sure, cranking up temperatures is key in any sauna ritual, but adding tech takes it to another level entirely. Imagine controlling humidity or aroma at the touch of a button—welcome to 21st-century Estonia. Plus, thanks to advanced heating systems that spread warmth evenly through stones or infrared panels, you get deeper relaxation without losing out on time-honored traditions.

Estonians have always known something special happens when you combine firewood scent with birch branch therapy inside cozy wooden walls—it’s pure magic.

The love affair between Estonians and their saunas goes deep, influencing social interactions and personal well-being.

A Green Touch in Steamy Rooms

Beyond fancy gadgets lies another modern twist: sustainability—a topic close to every nature-loving Estonian heart. By harnessing green energy sources such as solar power or geothermal heating for sauna sessions, they’re not only soaking up some serious wellness but also doing right by Mother Nature.

This commitment extends beyond energy sourcing; materials chosen often reflect eco-friendliness too—think locally sourced timber over imported goods—all part of ensuring future generations can enjoy this treasured pastime sustainably.

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals
Modern ESTonian sauna.

The Evolution from Traditional to Infrared Saunas

Imagine stepping into a sauna and feeling the warmth wrap around you like an embrace. That’s been the traditional experience for centuries. But now, infrared saunas are changing the game with their light-based heat, turning up wellness benefits in new ways.

Infrared Technology Transforms Heat Therapy

Gone are the days of only basking in conventional steamy rooms; modern technology has paved the way for infrared saunas that warm your body directly through radiant heat rather than heating air or surfaces. It’s akin to soaking up sunshine without UV damage—your core temperature rises while the space around you stays more comfortable compared to traditional setups.

This innovation isn’t just about comfort—it taps deeper into health perks too. Unlike standard saunas that can feel overwhelmingly hot, infrared models allow longer sessions at lower temperatures, which could mean better detoxification results for some people.

Comparing Health Benefits: Old-School Sweat vs New-Age Glow

“Why bother to change something that’s already working?” Well, sure, both types of saunas invite relaxation and may aid in muscle recovery after a tough workout, but let’s not overlook how they differ under their heated hoods.

Infrared options shine when it comes to delivering therapeutic wavelengths believed by many users to help reduce inflammation and support circulation—the sort of internal tune-up we all need sometimes. On top of this modern magic is convenience; these newer versions typically require less energy and prep time before you’re ready to unwind inside them—a real bonus if you’re always on-the-go.

A Shift Towards User Experience: Steam Meets Spectrum

We’ve heard tales about Finnish smoke saunas where bathers whisk themselves with birch branches amidst billowing löyly (that blissful steam), yet there’s something equally enchanting about entering an infrared cabin, knowing its gentle glow targets well-being from within as much as outward sweat signals rejuvenation.

Sure enough, though, one size doesn’t fit all—and personal preference plays a huge role here because who wouldn’t want their relaxation tailor-fit?

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals
2-person outdoor sauna from Komowa.

Global Adoption and Adaptation of Sauna Practices

Saunas have gone from a Finnish luxury to a worldwide wellness staple, weaving into the fabric of many cultures. It’s not just about getting steamy anymore; it’s about community, health, and sometimes even spirituality. Think about it: What started in Finland has spread its warmth across borders faster than gossip in a small town.

The Ancient Roots of Sauna Culture

In Finland and Estonia—the heartlands where saunas first fired up—these rituals were more than just sweat sessions; they were integral to life itself. Imagine this ancient tradition spreading like wildfire across the globe, with each culture tossing their own herbs onto the coals.

Beyond these Nordic origins lies an intricate map where sauna practices cross continents. They’ve adapted over millennia yet managed to keep their core—a testament to both resilience and versatility. And let’s be real, who doesn’t love a good detox that also offers you some much-needed ‘me time’?

Finnish Sauna Culture as a Way of Life

In Finland, stepping into a sauna is like coming home—it’s cozy, familiar and oh-so-necessary for survival during those frosty winters. The Finns didn’t invent communal bonding but perfected it through löyly (steam), making sure everyone leaves feeling lighter—in spirit if not in weight.

Apart from being social hubs that would put your favorite café to shame with all their chatter and laughter echoing off wooden walls, they’re ingrained in every Finn’s DNA at this point.

Estonian Sauna Traditions with A Modern Twist

Moving on over to Estonia—where they take pride in blending traditional know-how with modern-day flair—you’ll find age-old customs sitting comfortably next door to Wi-Fi-enabled cabins. Here tradition meets tech without skipping a beat or missing out on any therapeutic benefits.

The Evolution from Traditional To Infrared Saunas

If we’re talking evolution here, folks—we’ve got infrared saunas bringing us heat without lighters or matches needed. This isn’t your grandpa’s wood-burning shack; it’s high-tech healing using invisible rays that penetrate deep beneath your skin for maximum chillaxing effect minus the smoke signals.

And so what began centuries ago near Arctic Circle shores now spans oceans far beyond imaginable horizons—all thanks to humanity’s undying quest for well-being…and perhaps our mutual dislike for cold showers too.

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals – Conclusion

Stepping into the steam, you’ve journeyed through time. The history and logic behind sauna rituals are rich with tradition and a blend of wellness and community.

Saunas started in Finland and Estonia, remember? They were more than hot rooms; they were social hubs where bonds formed.

Different cultures took on this practice and made it their own. Whether through the crackle of Finnish smoke saunas or the modern glow of infrared, each adaptation carries forward that original spark of connection.

You should walk away knowing how these rituals have woven themselves into our global fabric. Sauna culture isn’t just about relaxation; it’s about legacy, health, and unity across nations.

Now go ahead. Let that knowledge sink in like heat into your bones – simple yet profound truths from ancient wisdom to today’s life.

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals
Chris Lang

The History and Logic Behind Sauna Rituals, written for Daily Scandinavian by Chris Lang. Chris is a health and wellness enthusiast, specializing in the therapeutic powers of sauna. With a keen interest in holistic health practices, Chris’s writing demystifies the science behind sauna benefits, from detoxification to improved cardiovascular health. His articles serve as a guide for readers seeking to enhance their well-being through informed, practical advice. Outside of writing, Chris explores the latest wellness trends, ensuring his insights are both current and beneficial.

Famous Last Words from Danish Public Figures


Danish television has created a series called Det Sidste Ord (“Famous Last Words”) consisting of an interview with a public figure, which will be aired only after the person has died. Read more about the television series Famous Last Words from Danish Public Figures.

The show gives audiences the chance to hear directly from the recently deceased rather than through archive footage or news commentary, while the stars receive a platform from which to shape how they are remembered after they are gone.

The subject is filmed in total secrecy, with the footage then being held in the Royal Danish Library, for editing and broadcast only after he or she has died. The interview is recorded in a studio without an audience, with only the host and the interviewee present, with remotely operated cameras ensuring that it is kept confidential until after their death.

“It’s a kind of silent uproar against the speed at which things are broadcast today,” Mikael Bertelsen, the show’s 56-year-old host and creator, told the British magazine Monocle.

Cameras are operated remotely by a crew who cannot hear what is being discussed. The unique format allows celebrities to be unusually candid.

Famous Last Words from Danish Public Figures
“The strength of this format is in its core,” said Carlotta Rossi Spencer, head of format acquisitions at Banijay.

“The strength of this format is in its core: it is intimate, emotional and honest. Because of this, its international potential is huge,” said Carlotta Rossi Spencer, head of format acquisitions at Banijay, a company that has acquired the distribution rights to Danish posthumous interview format Famous Last Words.

Mikael Bertelsen had taped interviews with Danish-American pianist and comedian Victor Borge before he passed away in 2000. The recordings were ultimately not used but the experience of speaking to a notable figure in “the autumn of his eventful and exciting life” stayed with him.

It is clear that this is a public farewell, in which a famous musician, sports star, comedian, actor, business leader or politician is talking to their audience for the last time.

Famous Last Words from Danish Public Figures
Povl Dissing (Famous Last Words). Photo: Tønder Festival.

“A unique and original offering, it certainly stands out in the market and is incredibly universal and adaptable; we are looking forward to travelling this unique title across our footprint and beyond,” says Rossi Spencer.

Danish television has become synonymous internationally with serious dramas such as Borgen and The Bridge, which has become successful because of, rather than in spite of, their Nordicness.

Last Words from Danish Public Figures, written by Tor Kjolberg.

Feature image (on top): On June 19, 2023, Denmark lost one of its greatest political figures, Uffe Ellemann-Jensen. Before his death, Uffe Ellemann-Jensen spoke to Mikael Bertelsen about his life, and the recordings, which have been stored in the Royal Library’s archive, are now being shown for the first time.

Annual Summer Concerts in Western Norway

Annual summer concerts in Western Norway attract music lovers from all over the world. Experience the music of world-famous Norwegian composers in their private homes.

Troldhaugen, 8km (5 miles) south of Bergen is the home of Edvard Grieg, the composer of Peer Gynt. It is said that Grieg was inspired by folk music, but it is clear that nature was his main muse. Take a stroll to the lakefront spot behind his house where he used to fish to take a break from composing. He once said: “My music has the taste of codfish in it”.

From 15 June to 31 August you can join the popular lunchtime concerts at Troldhaugen.

Related: Bergen – the Norwegian Music Paradise

A short ferry ride across Lysefjord to the beautiful island of Lysøen (Island of Light) and the onion-domed summer residence of composer and violinist Ole Bull (1810-80), who called the villa, built in 1873, his “Little Alhambra”.

Bull’s charismatic personality and musical excellence had a great influence on contemporary artists and musicians, who were often guests here, In summer, the old music room resounds to the music Bull played here.

Annual Summer Concerts in Western Norway
The onion-domed summer residence of composer and violinist Ole Bull.

Related: Beautiful Bergen – It’s Art and Artists

Take the passenger ferry from Buena Quay at Lysekloster or arrive by boat Ole Bull from Bergen, which depart daily from 11am.

Annual Summer Concerts in Western Norway, written by Tor Kjolberg

Sweden – Home to Global Brands and Chart-Topping Hits


Sweden’s application to join Nato in May marks a major shift away from its longstanding position as a neutral state, stretching back to 1812. Sweden’s outward image is however as a home to global brands and chart-topping hits.

But Sweden has also been dented by gang-related gun crime, which has tested traditional Swedish values such as inclusiveness and tolerance. The ruling center-right coalition has been left looking weak after winning power on a promise to end the violence.

Sweden – Home to Global Brands and Chart-Topping Hits, article continues below chart.

Sweden – Home to Global Brands and Chart-Topping HitsHowever, Sweden’s EU presidency in the first half of 2023 was widely viewed as a success. Among the achievements was the historic Fit for 55 package designed to reduce the European Union’s greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030. It is part of the union’s strategy of the European Green Deal presented first in December 2019. Sweden already sources 60 per cent of its energy from renewables and aims to be free from fossil fuel by 2045.

Sweden’s top-50 brands collectively grew by 12 per cent in 2023. Ikea, Volvo, Spotify and H&M remain important to the nation’s success at home and abroad.

Sweden – Home to Global Brands and Chart-Topping Hits
Sweden’s Top 10 Brands.

Sweden’s status as a musical powerhouse was confirmed by hits for global megastars such as Taylor Swift and Ed Sheeran by the country’s producers and songwriters. A record seventh win at the 2023 Eurovision Song Contest also hit a soft-power bullseye.

Sweden’s enormous global cultural clout, especially in popular music, remains disproportionate to its relatively small population of about 10.5 million.

Sweden – Home to Global Brands and Chart-Topping Hits, compiled by Tor Kjolberg

Feature image (on top): Taylor Swift and Ed Sheeran. Screenshot from YouTube.

Norwegian Commercial Street Art

It all began with Banksy from Bergen in Norway in the nineties. Today, paintings by Norwegian street artists have become popular collectibles. Learn more about Norwegian commercial street art.

“Street art is a new and young art direction that captures the modern zeitgeist. It points the finger at what does not work and is critical of society. The illegal aspect also makes it exciting,” explains a German art collector.

Norwegian Commercial Street Art
Dolk spray. Photo: Wikipedia

Many of Norway’s most recognized street artists come from Bergen – e.g. Dolk, AFG and TEG. The city has attracted street artists for many years, and you will find some really impressive works here, particularly in stencil art. Street artists actively contribute to the public debate – including the artist AFK whose works have been hotly debated in the city on numerous occasions.

It is not easy to define Street Art. Artists who receive this designation often themselves feel that they do not fall under the definition. The performers represent a diversity of people and expressions, as in all (sub)cultures. But we call it Street Art when we have to describe a work of art that we have seen on the street.

Norwegian Commercial Street Art
The Shiftsquare by AFK. Photo: Gategalleriet.
Norwegian Commercial Street Art
Street art in Oslo by T yen. Photo: Tord Baklund/Visit Oslo.

Street Art has its roots in the graffiti movement. Both forms of expression use the public space to display works without permission. In the nineties, Banksy made his mark as a graffiti artist in London. When he started using stencils on the eve of the turn of the millennium, street art had its final breakthrough.

At Gategalleriet in Bergen, you can see exhibitions and buy works by both well-known and less well-known (street) artists.

Norwegian Commercial Street Art
In the book Street Art in Norway, the editors have chosen to look at the phenomenon, precisely as a phenomenon, and present a diversity of artists and expressions that they believe people will appreciate.

The book Street Art Norway states that there there is no limit to what techniques you can use. What the artists have in common is that everything is carried out on the street – in public space. Therefore it is difficult to publish a collection of Norwegian Street Art without offending someone. In the book, the editors have chosen to look at the phenomenon, precisely as a phenomenon, and present a diversity of artists and expressions that they believe people will appreciate.

Important players in street art are Swoon, Os Germeos, Brad Downey, Shepard Fairey (aka Obey), Blu, Zevs, Miss Van, Mark Jenkins, Influenza and Faile. Dolk from Bergen is considered Norway’s most promising street artist. He is often compared to Banksy and Ble le Rat. Other Norwegian names worth noting are Pøbel, Strøk, Muskelpust and Decline.

Norwegian Commercial Street ArtStavanger hosts an annual Nuart Festival, which attracts the world’s top street artists. The festival was held for the first time in 2001, and Nuart is now considered one of the world’s leading street art festivals. Street art enthusiasts from all over the world attend exhibitions, events, performances and workshops at the festival.

Norwegian Commercial Street Art
Street art by Derek Hayn in Vardø, Northern Norway. Photo: Pinterest

This urban art form has received a lot of attention in Norway in recent years, and Norwegian Street Art has garnered a lot of recognition both nationally and internationally. The motivation and goals of these artists are as varied as the artists who practice the art form. The book Street Art Norway deals with the art form in Norway from its early beginnings in the 1990s up to today’s leading artists.

However, the street art community is divided when it comes to the commercial part. Successful artists claim that those who complain and hiss about the fact that street art has become salonfähig are the ones who are less successful.

Norwegian Commercial Street Art, written by Tor Kjolberg

Feature image (on top): Girl with balloon © Banksyshop

Norway – Country of Conflict and Climate Resolution


For several decades, Norway has played the role of facilitator between parties to conflicts. Promoting conflict resolution and reconciliation is a central aspect of Norwegian foreign policy. Conflict resolution has remained a central feature of Norway’s foreign policy efforts throughout 2023. Learn more about Norway – country of conflict and climate resolution.

Norway’s peace and reconciliation efforts vary depending on the conflict in question and the local conditions, but there are certain general features of Norway’s engagement that are common to all Norway’s efforts in this area.

Norway – Country of Conflict and Climate Resolution
Norway assists parties to conflict in their efforts to find peaceful solutions, but the overall responsibility for the peace process always lies with the parties themselves.

Norway has balanced its arms support for Ukraine with involvement in peace negotiations in Venezuela and Ethiopia. The country assists parties to conflict in their efforts to find peaceful solutions, but the overall responsibility for the peace process always lies with the parties themselves. Sustainable peace can only be achieved if the parties themselves show a willingness to work towards a political solution, and Norway will never push solutions onto the parties.

Norway’s soft-power muscle is, however, even more visible in the way it has pushed its green credentials. EVs now make up nearly 90 per cent of all new cars and, crucially, the charging infrastructure is keeping up.

Norway – Country of Conflict and Climate Resolution
EVs now make up nearly 90 per cent of all new cars sold in Norway. Photo: Jamieson Pothecary.

That said, many would like to see the country also committing to an end date for the exploration of North Sea oil and gas, still the mainstay of the Norwegian economy.

In the 50 years since the start of Norway’s petroleum activities, about 54 per cent of the estimated total recoverable resources on the continental shelf is produced and sold. This indicates that there is also a potential for a high activity level on the shelf for the coming 50 years. The Norwegian Offshore Directorate’s estimates indicate that oil and gas production is expected to reach a peak in 2025.

Talking of climate, Norway has been used to reigning supreme on the snow. But last year also was a boom for other sporting talent. Runners Karsten Warholm and Jacob Ingebrightsen, and footballer Erling Haaland have inspired fans around the globe. All in their twenties, this Norwegian trio are set to offer more inspiring performances in the years to come.

Norway – Country of Conflict Resolution, partly based on information published on and Norwegian Petroleum, compiled by Tor Kjolberg.

Your Beginner Guide To Data Protection As An Expat in Scandinavia

If you’re moving to Scandinavia, you need to know how to protect your data during your time there. As with any part of the world, keeping your personal information safe in Scandinavia is essential. Dive into your beginner guide to data protection as an expat in Scandinavia.

Personal data misuse is among the leading cybercrime types in the Nordic countries.

As a responsible expat, it’s essential to navigate the digital landscape with a proactive mindset. In short, you need to take responsibility for the safety of your information as well.

This guide will give you tips and advice tailored for expats who want to maintain their online privacy while living in Scandinavia.

Related: Scandinavia Among the Most Cyber-Secure Countries in the World

Your Beginner Guide To Data Protection As An Expat in Scandinavia
Start by strengthening your passwords.

Secure Your Digital Assets

Start by strengthening your passwords. You can make them hard to crack by using a mix of upper and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols.

Avoid using passwords that are easy to guess, such as  ‘password123.’

Your devices, apps, and software need regular updates. Having the latest patches ensures your data is as safe as possible, making it tougher for cyber threats to affect you.

Related: New National Cyber Security Center to be Established in Sweden

Your Beginner Guide To Data Protection As An Expat in Scandinavia
The Nordics Cybersecurity Market size was estimated at USD 11.71 billion in 2023. Photo: Maud Lervik/

Online Protection Tools

The Nordics Cybersecurity Market size was estimated at USD 11.71 billion in 2023 and is expected to reach USD 17.57 billion by 2028.

This means you will have several tools and companies to choose from when shoring up your online defenses.

Investing in reputable antivirus software is also a necessity. It guards against malware and cyberthreats, providing peace of mind when you’re online in Scandinavia.

A VPN makes you virtually invisible to hackers and other cybercriminals. If you’re concerned about the privacy of your home network, find out how to set up VPN on the router. This way, you’ll be in control of what others can potentially see.

Your Beginner Guide To Data Protection As An Expat in Scandinavia, written for Daily Scandinavian by Tyler Rogers. Tyler has a BSc in computer science with a focus on cryptography and worked in a range of London tech startups in data security for five years before turning his hand to writing. His goal is to educate and inform people about the often opaque world of cybersecurity and help everyone be a little bit safer online. When not saving the world from hackers and fraudsters, he’s a gamer, esports fan, and avid TV binger.

How Can the Scandinavian Diet Boost Your Health and Wellbeing?

A new study has revealed something that many Scandinavians already suspected: Sweden is the healthiest country in Europe, followed by Finland, and Moldova. How Can the Scandinavian Diet Boost Your Health and Wellbeing? analyzes the Scandinavian diet, revealing what makes it so conducive to good health. 

The study is based on a wide array of factors, including the obesity rate, life expectancy, and amount of alcohol consumed. Sweden has the second-highest life expectancy (83 years old) and one of the lowest obesity rates, and the reason has plenty to do with what its people eat.

How Can the Scandinavian Diet Boost Your Health and Wellbeing?
The Scandinavian diet comprises various ingredients that boost immunity and brain health.

The Scandinavian Diet

Sweden and other Nordic countries enjoy a delicious, healthy diet comprising whole grains, a myriad of fruits and vegetables, wild food (obtained from seas, lakes, and the wilderness), less meat (that is nevertheless of a high quality), and less processed, sugary foods than are consumed in many Western nations. They also value home-cooked meals, taking time to prepare daily meals from scratch. The Scandinavian diet comprises various ingredients that boost immunity and brain health, including fatty fish like herring and mackerel (which are high in Omega-3 essential fatty acids). They consume healthy complex carbohydrates and fiber in the form of beans and peas, as well as root vegetables and tubers, nuts and seeds, and many more foods that help various organ systems function optimally.

How Can the Scandinavian Diet Boost Your Health and Wellbeing?
Studies indicate that a healthy gut aids in the development of powerful cells.

Boosting the Immunity and Battling Inflammation

The Scandinavian diet is conducive to the growth of a healthy gut microbiota (the community of trillions of healthful bacteria that live in your gut). Studies indicate that a healthy gut aids in the development of powerful cells such as T cells, which play a vital role in the working of the immune system. It is the ideal nutritional regimen for battling inflammation, since it shuns saturated fats, processed foods, processed carbs like white bread and baked goods, and excess alcohol. Many Western diets, on the contrary, are pro-inflammatory, owing to their adoption of unhealthy fats, refined carbs, and processed foods. Chronic inflammation can damage healthy cells, tissues, and organs, and can damage DNA in previously healthy cells. This is why what you consume plays such a big role in your health and well-being, as well as your lifespan.

Related: 5 Scandinavian Slimming Secrets

How Can the Scandinavian Diet Boost Your Health and Wellbeing?
Research shows that specific foods (including omega-3 fats and vegetables) may help to regulate stress hormone (cortisol) levels.

The Scandinavian Diet and Stress

There is also a vital link between what you eat and how you feel. As reported by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, a balanced diet can support a healthy immune system and provide the energy you need to deal with the most stressful aspects of life. In fact, research shows that specific foods (including omega-3 fats and vegetables) may help to regulate stress hormone (cortisol) levels. If you are busy and don’t have time to eat at home, consider meal planning. By shopping wisely and choosing one or two days to cook, you can prepare an entire week’s worth of meals, freeze them, and heat them daily at work or home. Doing so will also save you on costs since it will reduce your expenditure on restaurants and takeaway meals.

Staving Off Depression

How Can the Scandinavian Diet Boost Your Health and Wellbeing?
Consuming fruits, vegetables, and other high-fiber foods has an added bonus. Photo: American Heart Association

Consuming fruits, vegetables, and other high-fiber foods has an added bonus: they can help you enjoy a better mood and keep depression at bay. Scientists have found that people with depression tend to have depleted levels of specific gut bacteria. Healthy gut bacteria need fiber to survive because fiber contains the essential enzymes they need to break down complex carbohydrates. But here’s a second process that makes fiber so important: some types of gut bacteria not only break down fiber in such a way that it becomes digestible but also release ferullic acid. The latter is a vital antioxidant with a host of health benefits, as found in a study by researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Ferullic lacid has powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and other properties. What’s more, it helps stave off a myriad of diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disorders, cancer, and diabetes.

The Scandinavian diet proves that healthy and delicious are two compatible concepts. This diet comprises health proteins, fiber, and whole grains. By planning your grocery visits and cooking ahead, you can easily embrace this diet and start reaping the plethora of physical and mental benefits it can bring.

How Can the Scandinavian Diet Boost Your Health and Wellbeing?
Karoline Gore

How Can the Scandinavian Diet Boost Your Health and Wellbeing? written exclusively for Daily Scandinavian by Karoline Gore. Karoline is a freelance writer from Stoke on Trent in the UK who left the corporate grind when she started a family and has never looked back. She enjoys contributing to a range of online publications on the topics that are important to her.